Introduction

 This site will take you through the French and English art of 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries as seen from the perspectives of the royalty and of the "commoners" of the period. Monarchic propaganda will be contrasted with drawings and cartoons from the average person's perspective. Surrounding  this contrast, historical context will be provided.

 Chronology

Britain:

The House of Tudor:

  • 1558-1603: Elizabeth I

The House of Stuart:

  • 1603-1625: James I (VI) of England (of Scotland)
  • 1625-1649: Charles I

The Commonwealth:

  • 1649-1658: Oliver Cromwell
  • 1658-1659: Richard Cromwell

The House of Stuart, Restored:

  • 1660-1685: Charles II
  • 1685-1688: James II

The House of Orange and Stuart:

  • 1689: Start of the Glorious Revolution
  • 1689-1702: William III and Mary II

The House of Stuart:

  • 1702-1714: Anne

The House of Brunswick, Hanover Line

  • 1714-1727: George I
  • 1727-1760: George II
  • 1760-1820: George III
  • 1820-1830: George IV
  • 1830-1837: William IV
  • 1837-1901: Victoria

 

 

~All dates are dates of reign

Chronology

France:

Bourbon Dynasty:

  • 1589-1610: Henry IV
  • 1610-1617: Marie de Medici (Regent)
  • 1610-1643: Louis XIII
  • 1643-1651: Anne of Austria (Regent)
  • 1643-1715: Louis XIV
  • 1715-1723: Philippe d'Orl√©ans (Regent)
  • 1715-1774: Louis XV
  • 1774-1793: Louis XVI
  • 1789: Start of the French Revolution; Rise of the National Assembly
  • 1791: Beginning of a Constitutional Monarchy; Fall of Absolutism
  • 1793-1795: Louis XVII

First Republic:

  • 1799-1804: Napoleon Bonaparte (First Consul)

First Empire:

  • 1804-1814: Emperor Napoleon I
  • 1815: Empire collapses; House of Bourbon restored to throne

Bourbon Dynasty, Restored:

  • 1815-1824: Louis XVIII
  • 1824-1830: Charles X
  • 1830-1848: Louis-Philippe I (The Citizen-King)
  • 1848: Congress of Vienna

Second Republic:

  • 1848-1852: President Charles-Louis Napoleon Bonaparte

Second Empire:

  • 1852-1870: Napoleon III

Unification of France under a Democratic Republic:

  • 1870-Present

Chronology of Artistic/Style Periods 

1600-1715: Baroque in France
1600-1700: Baroque in England
1715-1780: Rococo
1750-1850: Neo-Classicism
1780-1850: Romanticism
1850-1870: Realism
1870-1890: Impressionism
1880-1900: Post-Impressionism  

 

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